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Sveučilišta u Zagrebu
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Fonemika hrvatskoga standardnog jezika

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Volenec, Veno. (2013). Fonemika hrvatskoga standardnog jezika. Diploma Thesis. Filozofski fakultet u Zagrebu, Department of Croatian Language and Literature. [mentor Jelaska, Zrinka].

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Abstract

The thesis explores the Croatian phonemic inventory. Special attention is paid to the number of phonemes in the standard Croatian language and to the description of certain problematic areas of its inventory. The research was conducted within the scope of a problem-oriented and theoretical phonemics. The Croatian phonemes were described by three influential models of distinctive features: structuralistic, generative and autosegmental. Their realizations were presented in a formal way, taking into account the overall combinatorial variability of Croatian phonemes. A significant part of the thesis aimed at defining the central concept used in phonemics – that of the phoneme. The description of the Croatian phonemic inventory was approached by reviewing the contemporary phonological literature. The goal of the research – to determine and describe the existing phonemes in the standard Croatian language – was fulfilled in conjunction of older (e.g. structural) and newer (e.g. generative and autosegmental) phonological theory. Based on a thorough evaluation of the problematic areas of the phonemic inventory, primarily the Croatian palatal affricates, the syllabic phone [r] and the reflex of the old Slavic Jat, it was found that the standard Croatian language has 30 phonemes: /a, e, i, o, u, r, v, l, j, lj, m, n, nj, p, b, t, d, k, g, f, h, s, z, š, ž, c, č, ć, dž, đ/. The syllabic [r] was described as an allophone of the phoneme /r/, Jat, as such, was described on a morphonological level, and its long reflex was interpreted as a set of phonemes /je/. Such an inventory of Croatian phonemes is optimal and minimal: it is optimal in the sense that such an inventory creates the least theoretical, methodological and practical difficulties; it is minimal in a way that that it exploits the smallest possible number of different (and distinctive) units to create a seemingly endless linguistic diversity, which is consistent with the general concept of the economy of language.

Item Type: Diploma Thesis
Uncontrolled Keywords: standard Croatian language, phonemics, phonemic inventory, number of phonemes, Jat
Subjects: Slavic languages and literatures > Croatian language and literature
Departments: Department of Croatian Language and Literature
Supervisor: Jelaska, Zrinka
Date Deposited: 17 Feb 2014 14:13
Last Modified: 09 Jul 2014 23:20
URI: http://darhiv.ffzg.unizg.hr/id/eprint/4113

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