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Working memory training: Testing the effects of transfers and longevity of training


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Tkalčević, Barbara. (2013). Working memory training: Testing the effects of transfers and longevity of training. Diploma Thesis. Filozofski fakultet u Zagrebu, Department of Psychology. [mentor Vranić, Andrea].

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Evaluation of various programs of cognitive training typically show significant improvements in trained cognitive tasks, with weaker or non-significant increase in non-related cognitive tasks. In this study we used the adaptive training with dual n-back task (Jaeggi et al., 2008). The task is to remember a series of simultaneously presented visual and auditory stimuli. Depending on the level of the tasks, respond if the currently presented stimulus is the same as the one was presented n stimuli earlier. Level of the task is determined by the success of the participants in the previous series of stimuli. A sample of 42 psychology students, was divided into experimental (18) and active control group (24) group. Working memory training consisted of 15 sessions (cca. 25 min). Participants in the active control group played a computerized version of the Ludo, for the same number of session and time duration. We aimed to examine the effects of training in different abilities than those trained - fluid reasoning, attention and spatial memory - to test the possibility of transfer and durability of these effects. Fluid reasoning (CFT-3; Cattell, 2000), attention and concentration (d2; Brickenkamp, 1999) and spatial memory test (TPP; Vranic 2011) were used in three measurement point (pretest, posttest and follow-up at 6 months). Immediate gain was found for all three measure used. Follow-up revealed gains in fluid reasoning and spatial memory measure, but no gain was found on the attention measure 6 months after the training.

Item Type: Diploma Thesis
Uncontrolled Keywords: n-back, fluid reasoning, attention, spatial memory
Subjects: Psychology > Kognitivna psihologija
Departments: Department of Psychology
Supervisor: Vranić, Andrea
Date Deposited: 20 Mar 2015 14:46
Last Modified: 20 Mar 2015 14:46

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