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Nadgrobne stele iz Arheološkog muzeja u Zagrebu kao izvor za poznavanje egipatskih pogrebnih običaja


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Kuznicov, Tatjana. (2018). Nadgrobne stele iz Arheološkog muzeja u Zagrebu kao izvor za poznavanje egipatskih pogrebnih običaja. Diploma Thesis. Filozofski fakultet u Zagrebu, Department of History. [mentor Vilogorac Brčić, Inga].

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This thesis analyses and interprets the funerary customs of 24 Egyptian stelae that are displayed in the Archaeological Museum in Zagreb, Croatia. These stelae represent a span of 2000 years, from the Middle Kingdom to the Roman Rule, making their development and alterations trackable in the context of funeral customs. Collection consists of 8 stelae dated to the Middle Kingdom (2055 - 1650 BC). Most numerous are 11 stelae that originate from the New Kingdom (1550 - 1109 BC). Furthermore, collection contains 1 stela dated from the Third Intermediate Period and 4 wooden stelae that belong to the Late Period (747 -232 BC) and suggest a transformation of these monuments in contrast to the earlier epochs. Despite the lack of information concerning archaeological background of analysed material, it has been shown that the time period from which the stelae originate allows insight into certain alterations of the funeral habits that occurred during the observed periods. The stelae are analysed according to the three displaying categories: humans, gods and food on the offering tables. Offering formula as a main textual component was also taken into consideration. Thesis includes suggested dating of the Middle Kingdom stelae, new interpretations of the entire volume in the context of the funeral customs, and the first drawings of the poorly visible wooden stelae, dated to the Late Period, which help in their identification. Thesis also shows that observed Egyptian stelae are very important sources for reflections of funeral customs practiced by the ancient Egyptians and therefore understanding their views of the death and the afterlife. Certain presentations of people, gods and food represented a medium for transformation of body and soul to a higher form of consciousness that could ultimately exist in the Netherwold.

Item Type: Diploma Thesis
Uncontrolled Keywords: Archaeological Museum in Zagreb, egyptian stelae, funerary customs, Middle Kingdom, New Kingdom, Third Intermediate Period, Late Period, offering formula, humans, gods, food, offering tables
Subjects: History
Departments: Department of History
Supervisor: Vilogorac Brčić, Inga
Date Deposited: 22 Nov 2018 10:47
Last Modified: 22 Nov 2018 10:47

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