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The Planning of Kaptol within the International Competition for General Regulation Plan of Zagreb 1930 - 1931


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Ćurković, Jozefina. (2018). The Planning of Kaptol within the International Competition for General Regulation Plan of Zagreb 1930 - 1931. Diploma Thesis. Filozofski fakultet u Zagrebu, Department of Art History. [mentor Jurić, Zlatko].

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Following the demolition of the historic buildings, in particular the Bakač’s tower, Kaptol along with its immediate environment - Dolac and Vlaška Street - had lost its distinctive heterogeneity and aura. The regulation of Kaptol and its surroundings became an important issue within the regulation of the city of Zagreb, requiring a careful attitude towards the historical urban ensemble and its ambiental values. The attempts of the regeneration of Kaptol in the first three decades of the 20th century did not come to fruition, so the International Competition for the General Regulation Plan of Zagreb in 1930-1931 was employed in solving spatial relations at Kaptol, primarily shaping the square and envisioning the approach to the square from Bakačeva Street. The competition resulted in a large number of interesting entrys, which followed either the modernistic tendency, which interpolated international style into the ancient core, or a moderate one, which sought to reconstruct historical forms and spatial relations in a then-contemporary way. Assembling of the final decree on the regulation of Zagreb, as well as its' historic area, lasted for seven years. In that period, numerous local architects (Strižić, Zemljak, Schön and Kovačević, Bauer, Ibler...) offered their thoughts and ideas on the matter. Along with experts from other fields and the general public who attentively followed the course of events, they discussed the optimal approach. These discussions displayed two opposing views: one advocated full conservation of historic buildings and excluded the possibility of new construction, while other, led by the modernist concept of a functional city, pleaded for the new building that would contribute to hygiene and living conditions improvement. Great efforts notwithstanding, after the Second World War, guidelines for the regulation of Kaptol were not realized. Throughout the 2nd half of the 20th century, Kaptol was subjected to regulation for several times, but with no success nor realizations up to present day, which confirms the distinctive value of the Competition 1930-1931 regarding the treatment of historical units of the city of Zagreb.

Item Type: Diploma Thesis
Uncontrolled Keywords: Zdenko Strižić, Ivan Zemljak, Petar Knoll, International Competition for General Regulation Plan of Zagreb, functional city
Subjects: History of art
Departments: Department of Art History
Supervisor: Jurić, Zlatko
Date Deposited: 14 Dec 2018 13:12
Last Modified: 14 Dec 2018 13:12

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