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Znanstvena fantastika kao kritika društva : distopična budućnost kao posljedica sveobuhvatne tehnologizacije


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Relja, Adriana. (2013). Znanstvena fantastika kao kritika društva : distopična budućnost kao posljedica sveobuhvatne tehnologizacije. Diploma Thesis. Filozofski fakultet u Zagrebu, Department of Sociology. [mentor Nikodem, Krunoslav].

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Man uses and develops technology, which is defined as an aggregate of tools, materials, machines and processes, for his own personal purposes since prehistoric times when basic natural resources was being used as basic unit for developing tools. As human knowledge and skills progressed, science begins to develop as an organized system of altogether human knowledge acquired by processes and phenomenons in nature and society which are used to analyse and explore causes and consequences. By that, technology is given even more of a social influence and it develops intensively. It daily use by humans, conditions strong technology impact on social construction of society thus modifying or creating new and erasing existing social patterns. Information era which is a part od 21st century brings frequent and intense social changes considering the increase of development and use of technology which becomes component that is present in all human activites. Such presence and functionality is one of the main social initiator, on both micro and macro levels. Culture and modern man are shaped by technological paradigms. Consequences of technologically generated culture are both positive and negative. Negative are mainly related with general dehumanization of mankind, easy and massive propagation of harmful ideology and encroachment on sensitive human rights. This development of humanity can be called somewhat distopic. Dystopia, as an sub genre of science-fiction, deals with social issues arising mostly from comprehensive technologization. Such works, with specific expression and atmosphere, show fictitious societies from near or far future, that function in accordance to newly created, technologically generated social patterns and warn us on consequences of technology exploitation. Paper deals with negative impact of technology on an individual and community, analysing science fiction dystopian pieces that give social criticism on technological progress. The following issues are discussed: technical surveillance of citizens as a form of control and manipulation, the use biotechnology as ethically controversial process and a form of control and manipulation, technology as a tool for creation of society without opposition, dependance of man on technology and dehumanization that comes from such relationship and the impact of technology on the conceptions of the human body.

Item Type: Diploma Thesis
Uncontrolled Keywords: technology, technological determinism, dystopia, science-fiction
Subjects: Sociology
Departments: Department of Sociology
Supervisor: Nikodem, Krunoslav
Date Deposited: 21 Aug 2013 09:33
Last Modified: 09 Jul 2014 14:04

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