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Topografija Požeške županije do 1526. godine


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Rupert, Kristina. (2013). Topografija Požeške županije do 1526. godine. Diploma Thesis. Filozofski fakultet u Zagrebu, Department of History. [mentor Budak, Neven].

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In this thesis paper, the author examines the medieval topography of the Požega County, i.e. the period between the first recorded mention of the county in 1210 and its fall under Ottoman rule in the late 1520s/early 1530s. The author's primary goals included determining the boundaries of the county with greater precision, identifying the exact location of estates mentioned in analyzed sources, reconstructing the road network and the position of towns and forts in the area to the best possible extent, as well as determining the correlation between their position and the geographical features of this part of the Sava-Drava river system. The western border of the Požega County overlapped with the border between the dioceses of Pecs and Zagreb. It extended from the Sava river down Mali Strug all the way to the source of the river Ljesnica, where the archdeaconry border branched out north towards Drava, while the county border followed the highest points of the Psunj mountain, crossing the road near what is today the village of Bučija and following the highest points of Papuk all the way to Krndija. It went across Krndija, encompassing the Lonđica estate. The border then turned south, passing Levanjska Varoš, followed the border of the of the Tomica estate all the way down to the Sava river and then returned to Mali Strug. In other words, the county encompassed the entire Požega valley, as well as parts of the Sava river basin. The paper establishes that the geographical features of the area had a tremendous effect on the distribution and the density of estates across the county. The slopes saw a greater density of smaller estates when compared to those situated near the larger rivers. Consequently, the estates adjacent to the Sava river were the largest and covered in forests, which are listed in the sources. Geographical features also had an effect on where the forts where situated. Built in strategically important locations, forts served a defensive function and controlled main communication routes. The paper also shows that larger, more important roads follow those routes to this day. Towns developed around forts or manors, while the position of the rural settlements is nearly impossible to determine.

Item Type: Diploma Thesis
Uncontrolled Keywords: požeška županija, topografija, srednji vijek, posjedi, ceste, utvrde, naselja, diplomatički izvori
Subjects: History
Departments: Department of History
Supervisor: Budak, Neven
Date Deposited: 15 Jan 2014 10:49
Last Modified: 02 Dec 2016 11:21

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