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Stanovanje na Gradecu u kasnom srednjem vijeku


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Herman, Nina. (2013). Stanovanje na Gradecu u kasnom srednjem vijeku. Diploma Thesis. Filozofski fakultet u Zagrebu, Department of History. [mentor Grgin, Borislav].

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After the break-in of the Tatars, king Bela IV had the task to fortify the state and to organize a better state defense. Old cities were restored, new were built, privileges were given, building of fortresses was allowed for the cities and for the rich people. So, the citizens of Zagreb seized this opportunity and went to Virovitica where Bela had made a stop on his return to Hungary. On the 16th of November 1242 the “Golden Bula” was issued with which the king gave the township some privileges as well as the title of a free royal city and allowed the founding of a new settlement in Zagreb on the hill called Gradec. This document was the foundation of the development of the city township in the next centuries. As far as we know, none of the residential houses on Gradec from the 15th century was preserved until today. The residential architecture of the upper city is the architecture of the 18th century, and we know very little about the middle-age residential architecture of Gradec. The humble town house was the most build type of building in the middle age on Gradec. The houses were mostly wooden, built in a way to satisfy minimal residential needs, without a build value, either within the city walls or outside them. It is certain that they were standing freely, each on its own land, next to the street with the (drive) way on the side. These types of houses haven’t changed almost up until the 19th century. In the most important parts of town, around the square, in the Cyril and Method’s street, the Stone street, near the Stone Gate there were often parts of land, very large with houses and palaces. These were the residential houses for judges, influential families, church dignitaries, merchants, goldsmiths, basically the top of the city hierarchy. Middle class citizens, prominent craftsmen, writers, lower clergy lived on the edge of these elite parts of the town. Poorer classes lived on the outskirts of the town.

Item Type: Diploma Thesis
Uncontrolled Keywords: Gradec, srednji vijek, stanovništvo, kuće
Subjects: History
Departments: Department of History
Supervisor: Grgin, Borislav
Date Deposited: 22 Oct 2013 19:44
Last Modified: 02 Dec 2016 11:21

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