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Hrvatske imperativne složenice


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Nemčić, Mateja. (2013). Hrvatske imperativne složenice. Diploma Thesis. Filozofski fakultet u Zagrebu, Department of Croatian Language and Literature. [mentor Marković, Ivan].

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The paper deals with Croatian imperative compounds. These are such compounds in which their left, verb component mostly has the form of the imperative, and their right component is a noun component. Most scholars (Daničić, Maretić, Živanović, Stevanović, Brabec, Hraste, Živković, Pavešić, Vince, Težak, Babić, Klajn, Marković) agree that the verb component is the imperative, while others claim that it is the present tense, i.e. the present or the infinitive stem (Barić, Babić). There is a dictionary of imperative compounds which contains 250 entries with available data on their first occurrence and with examples of a more recent and contemporary occurrences taken from the Internet corpora of Croatian language, from the Internet portals or from day-to-day communication. The analysis of the dictionary confirmed that some compounds have only their earliest records and that they do not appear in the contemporary Croatian language. Animacy of the imperative compounds formation is shown by the following: 1. the productivity of compounds with prefixoides nazovi- and nadri-. 2. compounds of a more recent origin (e.g. dajguz, kažiruka, lezibar, luftiguz, pališuma). 3. new meanings of old compounds (e.g. lezibaba – lesbian, muzikrava – that which may bring big profit, nadriguz – an arrogant, conceited person). 4. neologisms (strizibuban, strizibar). 5. derivatives (nekaćiperka). 6. newly formed blends (e.g. cjepitlaka, cviligreta). Imperative compounds mostly designate a person by indicating their significant trait and they are mostly used for ridicule and mockery, whereas there are only few neutral ones (kažiprst, pamtivijek, pazikuća, vadičep).

Item Type: Diploma Thesis
Uncontrolled Keywords: morphology (language), word formation, composition, imperative compounds, productivity, Croatian language
Subjects: Slavic languages and literatures > Croatian language and literature
Departments: Department of Croatian Language and Literature
Supervisor: Marković, Ivan
Date Deposited: 10 Jul 2014 12:32
Last Modified: 10 Jul 2014 12:32

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