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Teorija uma u ne-ljudskih životinja


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Magđinski, Dijana. (2013). Teorija uma u ne-ljudskih životinja. Diploma Thesis. Filozofski fakultet u Zagrebu, Department of Philosophy. [mentor Gregorić, Pavel].

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Theory of mind is the ability to attribute mental states to oneself and others in order to predict and explain behavior. It is often regarded as an ability unique to humans. This thesis will consider whether non-human animals have a theory of mind and can we reliably ascertain it. According to the behavior-reading hypothesis, animals predict behaviors of others by relying on their behavioral and environmental cues. According to the mindreading hypothesis, animals predict behaviors of others by relying on the understanding of others' mental states. Recent discoveries suggest that chimpanzees can recognize some mental states of others, but they cannot recognize others' false beliefs. Main problem of ongoing research is the possibility of interpreting results through behavioral terms. This thesis will consider, through the perspective of philosophy of science, the attempts of reducing the plausibility of one of the hypotheses. Although there are good indications to animals being mindreaders to some extent, no definite conclusions on the issue can be drawn currently. In order to settle the issue, further research will have to be conducted.

Item Type: Diploma Thesis
Uncontrolled Keywords: theory of mind, mental states, animal cognition, behavior-reading hypothesis, mindreading hypothesis
Subjects: Philosophy
Departments: Department of Philosophy
Supervisor: Gregorić, Pavel
Date Deposited: 10 Jul 2014 12:35
Last Modified: 10 Jul 2014 12:35

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