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Revised direct radiocarbon dating of the Vindija G1 Upper Paleolithic Neandertals


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Higham, Tom and Ramsey, Christopher Bronk and Karavanić, Ivor and Smith, Fred H. and Trinkaus, Erik . (2006). Revised direct radiocarbon dating of the Vindija G1 Upper Paleolithic Neandertals. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 103(3). pp. 553-557. ISSN 0027-8424

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The 1998/1999 direct dating of two Neandertal specimens from level G1 of Vindija Cave in Croatia to 28,000 and 29,000 radiocarbon (14C) years ago has led to interpretations concerning the late survival of Neandertals in south-central Europe, patterns of interaction between Neandertals and in-dispersing early modern humans in Europe, and complex biocultural scenarios for the earlier phases of the Upper Paleolithic. Given improvements, particularly in sample pretreatment techniques for bone radiocarbon samples, especially ultrafiltration of collagen samples, these Vindija G1 Neandertal fossils are redated to 32,000-33,000 14C years ago and possibly earlier. These results and the recent redating of a number of purportedly old modern human skeletal remains in Europe to younger time periods highlight the importance of fine chronological control when studying this biocultural time period and the tenuous nature of monolithic scenarios for the establishment of modern humans and earlier phases of the Upper Paleolithic in Europe.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Aurignacian, early modern humans, Europe, Late Pleistocene
Subjects: Archaeology
Departments: Department of Archaeology
Date Deposited: 15 Jan 2008
Last Modified: 12 Apr 2012 20:45

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