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The Middle and Early Upper Paleolithic in Croatia


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Karavanić, Ivor and Janković, Ivor. (2006). The Middle and Early Upper Paleolithic in Croatia. Opuscula archaeologica, 30(1). pp. 21-54. ISSN 0473-0992

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The article provides an overview of the principle sites, interpretations and knowledge gained in the study of the Middle and early Upper Paleolithic in Croatia. Particular attention is accorded to the results of more recent research and newer interpretations of earlier research essential to the reconstruction of the behavior and adaptations of the Neandertals, their disappearance and the appearance of early modern Europeans. The Neandertals were equally capable of adapting to the different environments in continental (Northwestern) Croatia and Mediterranean Croatia (Dalmatia). Archeological materials from Northwestern Croatia (Vindija Cave) indicate the transition from the Middle to the Upper Paleolithic, the ties of the Neandertals to the initial Upper Paleolithic and possible encounters between Neandertals and early modern humans. On the other hand, there is a 10,000 year gap between the late Middle Paleolithic (Mujina Pećina) and the early Upper Paleolithic (Šandalja II) of the Eastern Adriatic region, with a visible difference in tool production methods and typology. Over the past fifteen years, knowledge on the Paleolithic in Croatia has been considerably supplemented and enhanced, which is the result of research at several sites using cutting-edge methods as well as thorough analyses of materials excavated previously.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Paleolithic; Mousterian; Aurignacian; Neandertals; early modern humans; Croatia
Subjects: Archaeology
Departments: Department of Archaeology
Date Deposited: 26 Feb 2018 09:38
Last Modified: 26 Feb 2018 09:38

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