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Success and failure attributions of athletes and their association with perfectionism


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Tandarić, Rebeka. (2014). Success and failure attributions of athletes and their association with perfectionism. Diploma Thesis. Filozofski fakultet u Zagrebu, Department of Psychology. [mentor Jelić, Margareta].

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Understanding of successes and failures that have occurred in the past allows us to better prepare for new challenges and increase the likelihood of successful outcomes in the future. That's why attributions are extremely important in the sport context. Success in sport often implies perfect performance. However, if not properly focused, striving for perfection can lead to negative consequences. In this study we wanted to examine the attributions for success and failure made by athletes and their association perfectionism. In addition, we examined how the results on these dimensions differ according to gender and age of participants. Participants in the study were athletes (N = 154) from three martial arts (judo, karate and taekwondo) from Croatia. For measuring dimensions of attributions we used Causal Dimension Scale (CDS - II; McAuley, Duncan and Russell, 1992) and for perfectionism we used Positive and negative perfectionism scale (PANPS, Terry - Short, Owens, Slade and Dewey, 1995). Results showed that athletes made more internal, stable, personally and externally controllable attributions for success than for failure. Adaptive perfectionists made more internal and personally controllable attributions for most successful competition than the other two groups (maladaptive perfectionists and not perfectionists). On the other hand, for the least successful competition maladaptive perfectionists made more stable and externally controllable attributions than adaptive perfectionists. Furthermore, older participants made more internal and unstable attributions for success and failure, more personally controllable attributions for success and less externally controllable attributions for failure than younger participants. Also, older participants had a stronger positive and less pronounced negative perfectionism. There were no significant gender differences.

Item Type: Diploma Thesis
Uncontrolled Keywords: causal attributions, perfectionism, martial arts
Subjects: Psychology > Socijalna psihologija
Departments: Department of Psychology
Supervisor: Jelić, Margareta
Date Deposited: 19 Sep 2016 11:27
Last Modified: 19 Sep 2016 11:27

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