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Exploring Response Process Behind Conditional Reasoning Test for Power Motive with Eyetracking Methodology


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Cuzek, Tihana. (2016). Exploring Response Process Behind Conditional Reasoning Test for Power Motive with Eyetracking Methodology. Diploma Thesis. Filozofski fakultet u Zagrebu, Department of Psychology. [mentor Galić, Zvonimir].

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The aim of this study was to contribute to the understanding of psychological processes that are underlying Conditional Reasoning Test for Power (CRT-P). We compared the responses and eyetracking data from the implicit and explicit measures of the power motive and from the social desirability scale. The participants were students of the University of Zagreb. Although there are similar studies exploring resistance of conditional reasoning tests to faking, this is the first one conducted for CRT-P. Also, we used methodology that is not often used in this field of study – eyetracking. Besides, we were interested in processes behind faking on explicit measures. Participants completed instruments in two situations: first they were instructed to answer honestly and later they were told to present themselves as an ideal candidate for the manager position. There is no difference in average results on CRT-P between the two situations, while the results on the explicit measure of the power motive (MTL) and the social desirability scale (E-SDR) are statistically higher in a fake good situation. Eyetracking data collected for CRT-P doesn't differ between the two situations. When completing MTL and E-SDR with a fake good instruction, participants take less time to look at the test; they have fewer fixations and make fewer revisits on what they have already read. These findings support hypothesis of James et al. (2014) who said that CRT-P measures unconscious bias and is resistant to faking when indirect measurement is maintained. Our findings also contribute to the hypothesis that faking is simpler and less cognitively demanding than honest responding. These findings comply with the previous research, but they are not complete yet and further research is still required.

Item Type: Diploma Thesis
Uncontrolled Keywords: conditional reasoning test, implicit power motive, eyetracking, faking
Subjects: Psychology > Psihologija ličnosti
Psychology > Psihologija rada i ergonomija
Departments: Department of Psychology
Supervisor: Galić, Zvonimir
Date Deposited: 10 Oct 2016 10:01
Last Modified: 10 Oct 2016 10:01

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