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Izricanje posvojnosti u hrvatskih imenica IV. i V. vrste


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Majcenović, Martin. (2016). Izricanje posvojnosti u hrvatskih imenica IV. i V. vrste. Diploma Thesis. Filozofski fakultet u Zagrebu, Department of Croatian Language and Literature. [mentor Marković, Ivan].

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This paper deals with showing possession in Croatian when the possessor is a fourth or fifth declension noun. Fourth declension nouns are formed by converting adjectives. There are masculine nouns (e. g. Dalski – Dalskoga – Dalskome) and feminine nouns (e. g. stara – stare – staroj ‘ma, old lady’). Fifth declension nouns are nouns that have the inflectional suffix -øin all the cases (e. g. Nives – Nives – Nives). In this paper we focus on attributive possession: showing possession with possessive adjectives and with the possessive genitive. Croatian normative reference for animate holders recommends using the possessive adjectives whenever possible. The possessive genitive is mostly used together with the attribute or the apposition and also when it denotes possession of some unspecified representative of a group. We deal with two types of the possessive genitive forms in this paper: possessive genitive with no preposition and possessive genitive with preposition od (‘of’). The latter structure is a normative that is restricted to animate holders. Our corpus contains literary and journalistic texts and Internet comments from blogs, forums and social networks. It shows that the possession terms in the fourth and fifth declension differ from the terms in the first and second declension. Structure od + G is more usual with fourth and fifth declension nouns than nouns of the first and second declension nouns. In masculine surnames of the fourth declension the use of the possessive genitive (knjiga Dalskoga, ‘Dalski’s book’) is more common than the use of a possessive adjective (Dalskijeva/Dalskova knjiga). Also, the possessive genitive is a regular occurence among the common nouns (e. g. auto od starog/auto starog, not ?starov/*starijev auto, ‘old man’s car’). Showing of possession is different when it comes to names and surnames belonging to the fifth declension. Forming a possessive adjective is common with names (Nivesin) but it is unusual with surnames (?Kosorin). Suffixation of -k- and -c- in the base is also usual in the formation of possessive adjectives: Niveskin/Nivesicin and Kosorkin/Kosoricin. Use of the possessive genitive with no preposition is not common if kinship or social relationships are expressed (?majka Nives).

Item Type: Diploma Thesis
Uncontrolled Keywords: possession, 4th declension, 5th declension, possessive genitive, possessive adjective, Croatian
Subjects: Slavic languages and literatures > Croatian language and literature
Departments: Department of Croatian Language and Literature
Supervisor: Marković, Ivan
Date Deposited: 15 Dec 2016 11:22
Last Modified: 15 Dec 2016 11:22

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