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Differences in uses of music between musicians and non-musicians


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Miloš, Dajana. (2016). Differences in uses of music between musicians and non-musicians. Diploma Thesis. Filozofski fakultet u Zagrebu, Department of Psychology. [mentor Arambašić, Lidija].

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When listening to music, individuals focus on different music elements and use it for different purposes. The objectives of this study were to examine the differences between musicians and non-musicians and gender differences in uses of music, depression and anxiety dimensions as personality traits as well. We also examined some predictors of music uses. The study included 127 participants, aged 18 to 35 years who completed Zung Self Rating Depression Scale (Zung, 1965), Endler Multidimensional Anxiety Scales – Trait (Endler et al., 1991) and the Uses of Music Inventory (Chamorro-Premuzic & Furnham, 2007; in Bastijanić, 2013) which measures emotional, cognitive and background use of music. Multivariate analysis of variance (MANOVA) found that musicians tend to use music for cognitive purposes more often, while non-musicians tend to use music as background. The difference in the emotional use has not been established. Women use music for emotional and background purposes more often than men, while there were no gender differences in cognitive use. The results showed no differences in depression and anxiety dimensions between musicians and non-musicians. Women scored significantly higher on social evaluation trait anxiety and ambiguous trait anxiety, while gender differences in daily routines trait anxiety and depression were not significant. Hierarchical regression analysis showed that the emotional use of music was predicted by gender and daily routines trait anxiety, a significant predictor of cognitive use of music proved to be music education, while the background use of music was predicted by music education, gender and daily routines trait anxiety.

Item Type: Diploma Thesis
Uncontrolled Keywords: uses of music, musicians, non-musicians, depression, trait anxiety
Subjects: Psychology > Zdravstvena psihologija
Departments: Department of Psychology
Supervisor: Arambašić, Lidija
Date Deposited: 22 Feb 2017 08:18
Last Modified: 22 Feb 2017 08:18

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