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Euri and Eura: gender and declension of loanwords ending in short unstressed -o in Croatian


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Sučić, Matea. (2017). Euri and Eura: gender and declension of loanwords ending in short unstressed -o in Croatian. Diploma Thesis. Filozofski fakultet u Zagrebu, Department of Croatian Language and Literature. [mentor Marković, Ivan].

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This paper examines loanwords ending in short unstressed -o (with the addition of a few loanwords ending in short unstressed -e) in Croatian language. The analysis is based on an extensive corpus of 150 words (e. g. euro, Euro, dildo, bijenale, finale) with several thousand sentence confirmations from various sources – from belles-lettres, web portals and from informal register (including blogs and web forums). The first section of this paper is an introduction in which the analysis of the loanwords’ gender is considered separately in singular and in plural, and the condition is explained in terms of the category of animacy, regiolect and register. Words whose gender is distinct in singular and in plural (e. g. ovaj kredo ~ ova kreda) are carefully considered. Apart from gender, declension of loanwords is also analyzed and frequent instances of a-declension with the morph -Ø, insertion of morph -os, English -s and long plural in complex words are identified. Finally, linguistic usus is compared to linguistic norm in order to verify whether there is a discrepancy between them, i. e. whether the regulation acts in accordance with the actual linguistic condition among native speakers of Croatian. The following section displays a dictionary in which, alongside each of the loanwords, i. e. entries, the condition with gender and declension is presented, which is determined on the basis of the collected corpora, and dictionary and advisory descriptions.

Item Type: Diploma Thesis
Uncontrolled Keywords: gender, heteroclisis, declension, loanwords, Croatian language
Subjects: Slavic languages and literatures > Croatian language and literature
Departments: Department of Croatian Language and Literature
Supervisor: Marković, Ivan
Date Deposited: 12 Feb 2018 15:18
Last Modified: 12 Feb 2018 15:18

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