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The activity of the Croatian Peasant party in Moslavina between 1918 and 1929


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Torčić, Ivan. (2014). The activity of the Croatian Peasant party in Moslavina between 1918 and 1929. Diploma Thesis. Filozofski fakultet u Zagrebu, Department of History. [mentor Šute, Ivica].

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Main theme of this article is work of the Croatian Peasant Party in Moslavina region (kotars Čazma, Garešnica and Kutina) between 1918 and 1929. The Croatian Peoples Peasant Party (HPSS) was formed in 1904 by Stjepan and Antun Radić. During its first years Party didn’t have large support and much success in elections due to the restrictive election laws in Austria-Hungary. In the elections of 1908, 1910 and 1913 they anyway managed to get few representatives in the Croatian Parliament. One of them was Vinko Lovreković, elected in Kotar Čazma. End of the First World War brought civil unrest to a many parts of former Austro-Hungary Monarchy caused mostly by social causes: poverty, war requisitions and food shortages. Army deserters, called “Zeleni kadar,” burned and looted my towns and villages including Kutina, Popovača, Vojni Križ, Kloštar Ivanić and Garešnica in Moslavina region. Provisional State SHS, formed form South Slavic parts of Austria-Hungary entered in joint Kingdom SHS with Kingdom of Serbia and Kingdom of Montenegro. In September 1920 Moslavina region was a place of another uprising. Reason for uprising was marking of cattle and horses for military purposes, but main cause was government repression and Serbian hegemony in the Kingdom. Rebels had demands for the Republic and independent Croatian State and many of them were members or supporters of the Croatian Peasant Party. Main stronghold of rebellion was town of Vojni Križ in Moslavina. Army and gendarmerie broke the rebellion in blood after a few days. In the new Yugoslav state Peasant Party gained many supporters due to the universal suffrage for adult men and its positive social and republican programme. They won on every election (1920, 1923, 1925 and 1927) in most Croatian parts of Kingdom, including Moslavina. The best election results were in Kotar Čazma, but in Kotars Garešnica and Kutina Peasant Party was also dominating. Leading members of Party in Moslavina were Filip Lakuš, Franjo Rafaj, Stjepan Uroić, Mijo Stuparić, Tomo Vojković, Miško Račan and Tomo Mađerić. They were organising Party meetings, collecting donations and writing articles in Party newspaper called Dom. In June 1928 member of Radical Party, Puniša Račić shot representatives of Croatian Peasant Party in National Assembly in Belgrade, including Party president Stjepan Radić. Killings in National Assembly ended the era of parliamentarism in Kingdom SHS. In January 1929 King Aleksandar declared dictatorship.

Item Type: Diploma Thesis
Subjects: History
Departments: Department of History
Supervisor: Šute, Ivica
Date Deposited: 26 Apr 2018 11:32
Last Modified: 26 Apr 2018 11:32

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