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Comparison of Eysenck's and Pavlov's typology of temperament


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Čekolj, Tomislav. (2007). Comparison of Eysenck's and Pavlov's typology of temperament. Diploma Thesis. Filozofski fakultet u Zagrebu, Department of Psychology. [mentor Tadinac, Meri].

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The aim of this study was the empirical comparison of Eysenck's and Pavlov's typology of temperament. 332 adult male and female of various ages have completed the Eysenck's Personality Questionnaire (EPQ) and Pavlovian Temperament Survey (PTS). On the bases of results on extraversion - E and neuroticism - N, subjects were divided in four Hippocrates - Galen types of temperament. One - way ANOVA revealed intergroup differences on PTS scales. The hypothesis of the lowest result of neurotic introverts (melancholics) on the strength of excitation scale (SE) was confirmed. It was shown that stable introverts (sanguineous) have the strongest nervous system. Neurotic extraverts (cholerics) and (phlegmatics) are in the middle of these two extremes and they do not differ from each other. Cholerics are equally unbalanced (BA) as sanguineous, contrary to our expectations. Melancholics and phlegmatics are more balanced and statistically they do not differ mutually. The strength of inhibition (SI) is the highest in phlegmatics, while Sheff�© analyses do not reveal any differences between melancholics, cholerics and sanguineous. In addition, cholerics are equally mobile (MO) as sanguineous, while melancholics are lowest in MO. Two - way ANOVA revealed that SE, SI, MO and BA are always determined by the additive effects of extraversion and neuroticism. Extraverts have higher results on SE, MO and BA variables. Introverts have higher results on strength of inhibition scale. In comparison to unstable subjects, stable subjects have higher results on SE, SI and BA scales. According to " - values, N in comparison with E predicts more variance of SE and SI. MO can be better predicted by E than by N. " - value for BA shows that this variable is only affected by E.

Item Type: Diploma Thesis
Uncontrolled Keywords: Pavlov, Eysenck, typology of temperament, Hippocrates - Galen, strength of nervous system
Subjects: Psychology > Psihologija ličnosti
Departments: Department of Psychology
Supervisor: Tadinac, Meri
Date Deposited: 26 Oct 2007
Last Modified: 09 Jul 2014 14:06

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