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Sociološka analiza objektivnosti u feminističkoj teoriji stajališta : diplomski rad


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Erić, Ivana. (2014). Sociološka analiza objektivnosti u feminističkoj teoriji stajališta : diplomski rad. Diploma Thesis. Filozofski fakultet u Zagrebu, Department of Sociology. [mentor Galić, Branka].

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Feminist concept of objectivity of science was developed through a critique of traditional science. The purpose of this paper is to analyse conceptions of objectivity in traditional science which are considered problematic by feminist standpoint theorists. The conceptions of objectivity in traditional science considered problematic by feminist include the following: subject and object dichotomy; aperspectivity; knower's emotional detachment from objects of inquiry; value-neutrality; experimental contects of inquiry (in which scientists elicit regulatities in the behaviour of the objects of study by manipulating them under controlled conditions and ideal of external guidance. Through the construction of new concepts feminist standpoint theory has developed their own notion of objectivity of science. Subject and object of knowledge are located on the same plane of knoledge. Subjects of knowledge are ''located'' and ''embodied'' in particular social location. Subjects of knowledge are shaped by social forces of location in many ways. Feminist standpoint theory holds that these locations shapes subjects of knowlede as same as it shapes all other researchers and all every element of inquiry. The insistance on the value-neutrality of scientists isunrealistic and is not necessary. Various feminists thinkers have stressed the fruitfullness of emotional engagement with the object of study. Emotions, such as love, can lead to a more objective resuslts of scientific inquiry. Only standpoint of marginalized social groups (including men and women) and reflexivity can help insure objectivity of scientific inquiry results; the one that will not be androcentric and sexist any more. Sandra Harding creates the concepts of ''strong objectivity'' and ''reflexivity''. These concepts are of great importance in this paper. A standpoint is an achievement. A standpoint is not the same as a viewpoint or perspective. A standpoint arises when people occupying a subordinate social location engage in political struggle. Thus, a standpoint is an achievement that is struggled for. A standpoint is achieved through political struggle. Since it was emerged feminist standpoint theory has been a controversal theory. Critics often accuse feminist standpoint theory of commiting or even embracing a relativism, a pluralism; that it is europocentric and incomplete. However, feminist standpoint theory has continued to attract both enthusiasts and critics during the more than four decades of it's recent history. Trends in feminist epistemology have blurred the distinctions among all three approaches to feminist epistemology. The feminist standpoint theory tend to intersect with other two approaches. An example of the contemporary trends is the feminist empiricist standpoint theory.

Item Type: Diploma Thesis
Uncontrolled Keywords: feminist standpoint theory, objectivity, science critique, methodology
Subjects: Sociology
Departments: Department of Sociology
Supervisor: Galić, Branka
Date Deposited: 18 Jun 2015 09:07
Last Modified: 18 Jun 2015 09:07

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