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The role of gender and self-concept clarity in the relationship between implicit and explicit self-esteem


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Vrdoljak, Antonija. (2018). The role of gender and self-concept clarity in the relationship between implicit and explicit self-esteem. Diploma Thesis. Filozofski fakultet u Zagrebu, Department of Psychology. [mentor Jelić, Margareta].

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Implicit and explicit measures of self-esteem usually show weak, or even insignificant correlations. Thus, it is generally recommended to focus less on the assessment of the level of their interdependence, and more on identifying when are the two measures related. Possible moderators of implicit-explicit relation include gender and self concept clarity. Therefore, the goal of this study was to examine the relations of measures of implicit and explicit self-esteem with gender and self-concept clarity. On top of that, the aim was to inspect moderating effects of gender and self-concept clarity on relation between different measures of self-esteem. The research was conducted in two parts, in Zagreb and in Osijek. 161 participants (of which 50.3% were female) completed self-esteem version of the Implicit Association Test, Self-Liking Self-Competence Scale and Self-Concept Clarity Scale. Results indicate that people with higher self-concept clarity also report higher levels of explicit self-esteem. Self-concept clarity is not related to implicit self-esteem, and there are no gender differences in explicit, nor in implicit self-esteem. According to bivariate correlations, implicit and explicit measures of self-esteem are not related. However, gender moderates that relation. Women show low to moderate levels of correlation between implicit and explicit self-esteem, but implicit-explicit correlation is not statistically significant for men. Self-assessed self-concept clarity does not moderate implicit-explicit relation. In general, results support the view of implicit and explicit self esteem as distinct, but related constructs.

Item Type: Diploma Thesis
Uncontrolled Keywords: implicit self-esteem, explicit self-esteem, gender differences, self-concept clarity
Subjects: Psychology > Socijalna psihologija
Departments: Department of Psychology
Supervisor: Jelić, Margareta
Date Deposited: 10 May 2019 07:41
Last Modified: 10 May 2019 07:41

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