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Ekohistorija Đurđevca i Virja u drugoj polovici 18. stoljeća


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Cik, Nikola. (2015). Ekohistorija Đurđevca i Virja u drugoj polovici 18. stoljeća. Diploma Thesis. Filozofski fakultet u Zagrebu, Department of History. [mentor Petrić, Hrvoje].

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The history of Đurđevec and Virje and their surroundings is a story about places which have taken on the features of frontier settlements during the 17th and 18th century and renewed themselves at the same time in a demographic and economic way after a turbulent period of confrontations at the Habsburg-Ottoman imperial frontier. These settlements have been formed in the contact zone of the hillsides of Međurečka gora/Bilogora, the sand deposits (Đurđevečki peski) and the valley near the Drava. This thesis is a contribution to the comprehension of their reciprocal influences from the perspective of environmental history. We usually talk about three levels of environmental history whereat the first one is the understanding of the nature itself, the second is occupied with socioeconomic aspects, and the third concerns itself with the intellectual perception of the environment, which shows itself in the toponymy, collective memory and art. This is why the cartographic projections, church registers, written historical sources, material remains, oral tradition and linguistic researches are used as relevant sources in researching the history of environment. Đurđevec and Virje are settlements that have influenced the organisation of the area between the Drava river and the hillsides of Međurečka gora/Bilogora. This is why one part of the thesis refers to the research of interrelations between three mentioned geographic regions that define the environment in this area. The second part concerns itself with the reconstruction of demographic movements in settlements in this part of Podravina. At the end it is given the answer to the question about factors that have influenced the expansion of the population from Đurđevec and Virje to the area near the Drava in the 18th century. It is ascertained that the demographic pressure manifested as a need for arable land and other resources. The solutions have been found in the forming of countrysides (konaki) and the precondition for that was the anthropization of nature, which manifested in the form of successful regulation of the Drava and its basin and in the relation of the society to the forest resources. The frontier authorities have also influenced the inner colonisation of the area near the Drava. The conclusions are based on the verifiable information shown in charts and some of the results are presented with reconstructed cartographic projections.

Item Type: Diploma Thesis
Uncontrolled Keywords: Đurđevec, rani novi vijek, ekohistorija, demografija, flora i fauna
Subjects: History
Departments: Department of History
Supervisor: Petrić, Hrvoje
Date Deposited: 11 Mar 2015 10:23
Last Modified: 26 Apr 2018 11:27

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