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Nastanak i razvoj vrtnih gradova


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Perlain, Vanja. (2016). Nastanak i razvoj vrtnih gradova. Diploma Thesis. Filozofski fakultet u Zagrebu, Department of Sociology. [mentor Čaldarović, Ognjen].

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During the second half of the 19th century, the increased rate of industrialization caused the rapid expansion of all major cities. Without clear guidelines for expanding and planning cities, urban regions became overpopulated and impersonal while rural areas became neglected. Many critics were pointing out the flaws in social structures responsible for those outcomes, but few solutions were tangible and practical. In response to the existing social issues, Ebenezer Howard developed garden cities, which were designed to combine the strengths and eliminate the weaknesses of rural and urban regions. Howard’s vision also aimed to eliminate class segregation and economic inequalities in those cities by introducing a model for developing a cooperative community. Although the first projects were unsuccessful, this paper will elaborate on the determinants of the success and failures of garden cities throughout the 20th century. By observing the three stages of garden city development, it is possible to notice that various influences shaped and improved the planning process of garden cities. This paper found that the first garden cities were not widely accepted because their ideals were incompatible with mainstream values and attitudes at the time. Furthermore, the development of postmodernism and its influence in contemporary society are identified as the key factors for the improvement and proliferation of garden city planning principles. Those principles are still used in urban planning today, and the Town and Country Planning Association (TCPA) in Great Britain continues to promote Howard’s vision of self-sustainable and energy-efficient communities.

Item Type: Diploma Thesis
Uncontrolled Keywords: urbanism, Ebenezer Howard, garden cities
Subjects: Sociology
Departments: Department of Sociology
Supervisor: Čaldarović, Ognjen
Date Deposited: 08 Mar 2017 10:05
Last Modified: 08 Mar 2017 10:05

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