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Sveučilišta u Zagrebu
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Fonološki procesi djece rane predškolske dobi (2;6 - 3;6 godina)


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Bassi, Dora. (2017). Fonološki procesi djece rane predškolske dobi (2;6 - 3;6 godina). Diploma Thesis. Filozofski fakultet u Zagrebu, Department of Phonetics
Department of Pedagogy. [mentor Mildner, Vesna and Slunjski, Edita].

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This paper deals with phonological processes in Croatian language concerning children in early childhood (2, 6 - 3, 6 years). The aim of this paper was to determine which phonological processes occur in the Croatian language, which of them are the most common, and whether the number of phonological processes decreases as the child grows. Also, we wanted to see if there is a gender difference in the use of phonological processes. This paper has a theoretical and empirical part. In the theoretical part the characteristics of speech development are described, also phonological development is explained in detail. After that, phonological processes have been thoroughly elaborated, their definition, why they occur, proofs of their universality, and theoretical knowledge of phonological processes in Croatian language. The empirical part deals with the research of phonological processes in children 2;6 to 3;6 years, conducted in kindergarten "Cvrčak". In reasearch participated 33 children. The research is based on naming images/photos, and the interview was conducted individually, in a preschool institution. On average, the appointment lasted about 10 minutes. The photos were shown on the tablet, because that’s considered to be more interesting for children and retain their attention for longer. Children were divided into two groups for easier analysis and presentation of the obtained data. The first group consists of children between the ages of 2;6 and 3.0 years, ie 30 to 36 months, while the second group consists of children between the ages of 3;1 and 3;6 years, ie 37-42 months. The obtained results were listen to and transcribed and then processed. The results confirmed the hypotheses and showed that all the phonological processes that have been observed on the basis of foreign literature appear in the Croatian language. The most common phonological processes in the Croatian language are: Gliding, Cluster Reduction, Repalatalization, Palatalization of Fricatives and Affricates, and Syllable-forming /ṛ/. The phonological processes that have least appeared are Epenthesis, Insertion of Vocals Between Consonants and Prevocalic Voicing. There were also differences in the frequency of use of phonological processes among younger (30-36 months) and older group (37-42 months). There were no noticeable gender differences in the use of phonological processes.

Item Type: Diploma Thesis
Uncontrolled Keywords: phonological processes ,phonological development, speech –language development
Subjects: Phonetics
Departments: Department of Phonetics
Department of Pedagogy
Supervisor: Mildner, Vesna and Slunjski, Edita
Date Deposited: 06 Oct 2017 10:33
Last Modified: 06 Oct 2017 10:33

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