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Sportska natjecanja kao odraz političkih promjena u kontekstu sukoba Tito-Staljin (1948. – 1953.)


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Lucin, Luka. (2016). Sportska natjecanja kao odraz političkih promjena u kontekstu sukoba Tito-Staljin (1948. – 1953.). Diploma Thesis. Filozofski fakultet u Zagrebu, Department of History. [mentor Klasić, Hrvoje].

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The Federal People’s Republic of Yugoslavia, headed by Josip Broz Tito, was the most radical of all the post-World War II communist countries in following the example of the Soviet Union. After gaining control over the country, Yugoslavian communists ushered in a single-party system, brutally dealing with any political opposition and members of the regimes defeated in the war. In addition, they nationalized the means of production, reformed the country’s agriculture, and implemented an economic programme based on heavy industry. The Communist Party of Yugoslavia (KPJ) also controlled the country’s cultural and scientific output, and in addition clashed with the most prominent religious leaders of the time. The importance of Yugoslavian communism within the European communist bloc was highlighted during the formation of the Information Bureau of the Communist and Workers' Parties (Cominform) in September of 1947, when Belgrade was selected as the seat of this forum. However, with the beginning of the Cold War, Tito’s aggressive foreign policy undermined Stalin’s efforts to avoid open conflict with the western powers. After the leadership of the KPJ ignored Stalin’s severe criticism of their policies, and refused to explain their positions on the matter before the Cominform, the forum passed a resolution in June of 1948 entitled “Concerning the Situation in the Communist Party of Yugoslavia”. This marked the beginning of military and economic pressure on Yugoslavia, which continued until Stalin’s death in March of 1953, and resulted in Yugoslavia turning to the West as well as the emergence of the so-called Third Way. The goal of this thesis is to determine whether, and in what way, the ideological and political conflict between Yugoslavia and the Soviet Union, along with the other members of the Cominform, influenced the interactions of Yugoslavian athletes and sports officials with their counterparts from those countries. Special attention was given to the available sources pertaining to the football match between Yugoslavia and the Soviet Union during the 1952 Helsinki Olympic Games. In addition to the changes in relations with the sports organizations of the Eastern bloc, the thesis gives a brief overview of the dynamics of the interactions of Yugoslavian athletes and sports teams with athletes and sports teams from the West, before and after the “Cominform Resolution”.

Item Type: Diploma Thesis
Subjects: History
Departments: Department of History
Supervisor: Klasić, Hrvoje
Date Deposited: 26 Apr 2018 11:15
Last Modified: 26 Apr 2018 11:15

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